Schemas - Schemas and Memory Selection • 3 conditions...

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Schemas Definition of Schema: generalized knowledge about situations and events schemas guide our recognition and understanding of new information by providing  expectations about what  should  occur Scripts  (a type of schema): simple, well-structured  sequence of events  of a highly familiar activity How do Schemas Operate? 1. during memory selection (during the selection of material to be remembered) 1. during memory abstraction (when we extract meaning, and not necessarily details) 1. during memory interpretation (when schemas help us to comprehend) 1. during integration (when we form a single memory representation)
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Unformatted text preview: Schemas and Memory Selection: • 3 conditions that determine whether a piece of info will be selected for encoding: • a person must have a relevant schema • the schema must be activated • the incoming info must be important with respect to the schema • we remember schema-consistent info when incidental learning is involved better than schema-inconsistent info [�office schema� example] • we remember schema-inconsistent info when intentional learning is involved better than schema-consistent info...
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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