STRESS AND ILLNESS - We discussed the differences between...

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STRESS AND ILLNESS Stress has powerful effects on mental functioning, mental and physical performance, interpersonal encounters, and physical well-being. In the Principles of Internal Medicine (Harrison) it was reported that 50-80% of all physical disorders have psychosomatic or stress related origins. A. Psychosomatic Illness Many people assume erroneously that a psychosomatic illness is a fake illness or something that someone is simply imagining. That is NOT true.Definition - a Psychosomatic Illness is a condition in which the state of mind (psyche) either causes or mediates a condition of actual, measurable damage in the body (soma). Examples include : ulcers, asthma, migraine headaches, arthritis, and even cancer.
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Unformatted text preview: We discussed the differences between distress & eustress, but there is an additional "type" of stress called PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS (it is not a category like distress. ..) that can be defined as mental upset that triggers a physiological stress response . Thus, it is stress that leads to psychosomatic illness. In our culture, psychophysiological stress is the most common type of stress AND is the major factor in the onset of psychosomatic illness. Since we have been discussing the fact that stress can lead to illness via the psychosomatic model, we now need to discuss what this model is and what steps are involved....
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