The Dispositional Approach

The Dispositional Approach - ..people with cardinal traits...

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The Dispositional Approach A. Type Theories (Eysenck) 1. Unstable/Stable 2. Introverted/ Extroverted B. Trait Theories -- (Allport, Cattell) -- a trait is a relatively enduring, cross-situationally consistent personality characteristic that is inferred from a person’s behavior. 1) Allport -- indicated that there is a hierarchy of 3 basic trait types: a) cardinal (similar to types) - this is the big one. Cardinal traits are dominant traits that characterize most of (or almost all) of a person's behavior. Cardinal traits completely dominate a person's sense of self. For example, Charles Manson's evilness could be identified as a cardinal trait or Mother Teresa's altruism. It is important to note that cardinal traits are not common. Most people do not have these traits.
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Unformatted text preview: ..people with cardinal traits are considered rare. b) central (humorous, kind) - these traits are central, prominent traits that everyone has (unlike cardinal traits). Our personalities are built upon the central traits. They are influential, but don't dominate like the cardinal traits. c) secondary (food preferences, etc.) - these are traits that are only exhibited in some situations. For example, someone may be kind most of the time, but become very selfish in other situations. 2) Cattell -- factor analysis; 16 traits (e.g., emotional stability, agreeableness) C. Dispositional Assessment of Personality 1) Personality Types -- Myers-Briggs Type Indicator 2) Personality Traits -- MMPI, CPI...
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