The Key Questions

The Key Questions - dog's nose. 1) Encoding usually...

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The Key Questions When psychologists study memory they usually focus on 3 key questions: 1) How does information get INTO memory? 2) How is information MAINTAINED in memory? 3) How do we get information BACK OUT of memory? These 3 questions correspond to the 3 key processes in memory: ENCODING --> STORAGE --> RETRIEVAL IBasic Processes (we will discuss each in detail later, but for now we need a few definitions) A. Encoding - process of forming a memory code in order to get information into memory . For Example: we may emphasize the shape of a dog's nose to identify the breed (e.g., a German Sheppard has a longer, more pointed nose than a bull dog) and subsequently make a code for "German Sheppard" according to the
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Unformatted text preview: dog's nose. 1) Encoding usually involves attention - focusing awareness on a narrow range of stimuli or events . B. Storage (memory stores) - maintaining encoded information in memory over a period of time . C. Retrieval - recovering information from memory stores . These 3 processes are the foundation for all memory - how it works and why it may not work at times. When memory does not work, we have forgetting, which may occur at any of these 3 levels. We will address forgetting soon, but for now let's focus on how memory works. The most popular model/theoretical framework today is the Information Processing Theory, modeled after computers....
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