Theories of Forgetting

Theories of Forgetting - For example - now you are learning...

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Theories of Forgetting 1) Decay - forgetting due to memories fading over time. This does NOT apply to LTM. This often occurs in sensory storage and STM since we do not need to process and store all the information that we encounter. As a result, there is a lot of information we don't attend to, recognize, or rehearse, and so it simply fades away. 2) Interference - hindrance of learning new information because of other information learned before or after the new information. There are two types: a) Proactive interference - information learned previously causes problems with new information. For Example - if you took Psychology 101 already with a different teacher they may have presented information differently than me. This may affect your ability to recall the information in the way I have explained it. You get them mixed together. b) Retroactive interference - new information cause recall problem with previously learned information.
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Unformatted text preview: For example - now you are learning in my class, you can not recall the information the way it was presented by your previous Psychology 101 instructor. 3) Retrieval-Based Forgetting - information stored in LTM is not being accessed or brought out properly; however, if given enough time or cues, it is possible to retrieve the information. a) this suggests that LTM is permanent. Since the information is said to still be in LTM and not lost (the person has the information but just can't get to it). 4) Storage-Based Forgetting - information in LTM was distorted, altered, or changed so it is no longer accessible when searching for what it "used to be". The information can be retrieved, but only if you look for it in its new form. 5) Motivated Forgetting - a purposeful process of blocking or "suppressing" information....
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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