AARON BECK'S COGNITIVE THERAPY Beck developed his approach independently from Ellis, but there are numerous similarities in their approaches. Both were originally traine in the psychoanalytic tradition and moved to more cognitively focused approaches. Both try to help clients learn to notice (pay attention to) the occurrence of maladaptive cognitions, recognize their disruptive and destructive impact, and replace them with more realistic and adaptive thought pattterns. Both are programmatic, problem-oriented, and directive. Both give clients "homework" assignments as part of the treatment. BECK'S LIST OF COMMON MALADAPTIVE COGNITIONS. Unlike Ellis, Beck does not view these beliefs as necessarily irrational, but rather too absolute, too broad, to extreme, or too arbitrary. ARBITRARY INFERENCE. This is drawing a conclusion without evidence or in the presence of contradictory evidence, like believing you were laid off due to incompetence when the company is goint out of business. OVERGENERALIZATION. (Same as Ellis.) Drawing a broad general conclusion from a single
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.