BIRTH ORDER - SIBLINGS DIFFER FROM EACH OTHER SEX IS ALSO...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
BIRTH ORDER FRANK SULLOWAY'S BORN TO REBEL: BIRTH ORDER, FAMILY DYNAMICS, AND CREATIVE LIVES (NY: PANTHEON, 1996) 1.) INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN PERSONALITY: a.) PERSONALITY TRAITS ARE HERITABLE: 50% OF VARIATION IS DUE TO VARIATION IN GENES; 50% OF VARIATION IS DUE TO VARIATION IN ENVIRONMENT; MUCH OF THE GENETIC VARIATION IS NON-ADDITIVE (i.e., EMERGENIC); THEREFORE: GENETIC VARIATION DOES NOT MAKE SIBLINGS IN THE SAME FAMILY RESEMBLE EACH OTHER b.) 50% OF VARIATION IN PERSONALITY TRAITS IS DUE TO VARIATION IN THE ENVIRONMENT; MOST OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL VARIATION IS UNSHARED; THEREFORE: ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON PERSONALITY TEND TO MAKE CHILDREN IN THE SAME FAMILY DIFFERENT FROM EACH OTHER. RESULT: FOR GENETIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL REASONS, SIBLINGS DO NOT RESEMBLE EACH OTHER IN PERSONALITY SULLOWAY: BIRTH ORDER IS MAIN SYSTEMATIC ENVIRONMENTAL REASON WHY
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: SIBLINGS DIFFER FROM EACH OTHER. SEX IS ALSO IMPORTANT: GIRLS ARE TREATED DIFFERENTLY THAN BOYS BIRTH ORDER: A PROXY FOR DIFFERENCES IN AGE, SIZE, POWER, AND PRIVILEGE EACH CHILD ATTEMPTS TO OCCUPY A NICHE WITHIN THE FAMILY; OLDEST CHILD OCCUPIES THE FIRST AVAILABLE NICHE; IDENTIFIES WITH PARENTS AND WITH AUTHORITY; TENDS TO REJECT NEW IDEAS; YOUNGER CHILDREN: BORN TO REBEL; OPEN TO NEW EXPERIENCE AND IDEAS; OFTEN RESENTS TREATMENT BY PARENTS AND OLDER SIBS; LESS LIKELY TO IDENTIFY WITH PARENTS AND CONSERVATIVE BELIEFS OF FIRSTBORN EVOLUTIONARY FRAMEWORK PARENT-OFFSPRING CONFLICT: INFANTICIDE AND NEGLECT OF LATER BORN: PARENTS FAVOR OLDER, HEALTHIER CHILDREN IF THEY HAVE TO MAKE A CHOICE; JAPAN: LATER BORN ARE 'COLD RICE' MORTALITY OF LATER-BORNS IS HIGHER THAN FOR FIRST- BORNS; THEY HAVE LOWER STATUS; PRIMOGENITURE...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online