Covert stimuli

# Covert stimuli - causing a behavior to be maintained more...

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

Covert stimuli- -events inside the organism that trigger a given behavior. Chaining - The situation in which one response brings the organism into contact with stimuli that: 1) reinforce that response, and (2) stimulate the next response. There may be many "links" in a complex response chain. Chaining can also involve other people; for example, one person's response can both reinforce another person's response and determine the next course of action. Reinforcement Schedules: (a) Continuous Reinforcement Schedule . The reinforcing of a behavior every time it occurs. (e.g., getting a soda out of a machine every time you put money in it) (b) Intermittent Reinforcement Schedule When we reinforce a behavior only sometimes instead of every time it happens. (a) Fixed Interval Schedule A schedule whereby a reinforcer is given at established time intervals. (e.g., a weekly paycheck) (b) Variable Interval Schedule A schedule whereby reinforcement is given at various times, usually
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: causing a behavior to be maintained more consistently. (e) Fixed Ratio Schedule A schedule whereby reinforcement is given only after a certain number of responses is made. Example: payment by piecework. ( f) Variable Ratio Schedule A schedule whereby reinforcement occurs after a varying number of responses rather than after a fixed number. Example: slot machine. (g) Combined Schedule (h) DRO Differential reinforcement of zero response rate. (omission training) (hh) Sometimes DRO is read to mean differential reinforcement of "other"--that is, any behavior other than one that we want to get rid of. So if Johnny is engaging in physical violence toward other children, any other response might be reinforced. (i) DRL Differential reinforcement of a low rate of responding level. (fixed interval schedule) (j) DRH Differential reinforcement of high rate of responding. The basic principle if a person is only doing something occasionally....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

### What students are saying

• As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern