DAVID HARTLEY (1705-1757) 1. used CONTIGUITY and REPETITION as his two laws of association. 2. He tried to show that voluntary behavior developed from involuntary, or reflexive behavior. 3. He tried to explain not just psychological, but also physiological, processes in mechanical terms. He suggested that nerves are solid, and transmit information by vibrating. JAMES MILL (1773-1836) tried to destroy the "illusion" of subjective or psychic activities and show that the mind was nothing more than a machine. Not that it was LIKE a machine, but that it WAS a machine, working in a mechanical, predictable way just like a clock. A totally passive entity acted on by outside cues that we respond to automatically. There was no place in his system for free will. Aswsociation occurred through contiguity alone, which could be simultaneous or successive.
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