Discriminative Stimulus-A stimulus to which an organism learns to respond as part of stimulus control training. It signals the likelihood that a desired or undesired consequence will follow a response. Primary Reinforcer- A reward that satisfies a biological need ( e.g., hunger; thirst). Secondarv Reinforcer- A stimulus that becomes reinforcing by its association with a primary reinforcer, (e.g., money, which allows us to obtain food, a primary reinforcer). Through a process of association and conditioning, we now respond to them much as we once responded to the primary reinforcers with which they were paired. Reinforcers for Specific People- Don't assume that because something is a reinforcer for you, it is a -reinforcer for someone else, too. To identify an effective reinforcer, ask the person what they like or observe what the person values doing. (e.g., when a person has just eaten, he or she is probably "satiated," so food won't be much of a reinforcer).
This is the end of the preview. Sign up
access the rest of the document.