EDGAR RUBIN - b . Pointed out that Brentano's concept of...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
EDGAR RUBIN (1886-1951) a. Danish phenomenologist and contemporary of Wertheimer. Identified the "figure and ground" dynamic. Emphasized distinction between the figure (the substantial appearance of the object) and the ground (the general environment of the object.) b . In 1819 he presented the first of the kinds of ambiguous figures that you see in almost every introductory psychology book, such as a white vase on a black background that can equally well be seen as two black heads looking at each other against a white background. c . Perception is selective, he said. We don't just "see," we "look for" that which is related to our interests. d . Pointed out that an object is perfectly flat and lies in the same physical plane as its environment, we perceive it as located in front of its environment. EDMUND HUSSERL (1859-1938) a. Often referred to as the " father of phenomenology ," even though Stumpf coined the term. Studied with Brentano and then worked with Stumpf.
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: b . Pointed out that Brentano's concept of intentionality deals only with mental acts directed at something outside themselves. But there is also the knowledge that comes through turning our attention inward . Husserl used introspection to examine subjective experience as it occurs, without relating it to anything else. He called the latter pure phenomenology. When "phenomenon" describes a mental event, it means a whole, intact, meaningful experience rather than fragments of conscious experience. c. The methods of the natural sciences are inappropriate for studying mental phenomena, held Husserl, in the first clear statement of what later came to be called the "human science" approach. Did not deny that an experimental psychology was possible, but said it must be preceded by careful phenomenological analysis. Phenomenology, he held, could help psychology clarify the implicit asssumptions and preconceptions that guide its investigations....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online