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EDWARD CHACE TOLMAN REWARD EXPECTANCY . Tinklepaugh's (1928) study hiding banana under cup. When a lettuce leaf was secretly substituted and the monkey found it, the monkey appeared disturbed, rejected the lettuce, engaged in search behavior as if looking for the banana. Other such studies have replicated the result. ( Also, the PLACE LEARNING experiments show that the learner does not move fLom start to goal according to a fixed sequence of movements, as Watson and Hull would predict, but can appropriately vary behavior under changed conditions, as though he II knows where the goal is. II One example was the cross elevated maze. The response learning group always found food at right; place learning group always at same place. Place-learning group learned much faster, and some animals in the response-learning group never learned. Another study: Tolman & Honzik: 3 paths. When shortest was blocked, the went to second shortest. In "HYPOTHESES IN RATS" Tolman concluded that in a 4-choice maze the animals adopted
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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