FIVE PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY

FIVE PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY - FIVE...

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FIVE PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY (1) THE BRAIN IS A PHYSICAL SYSTEM. IT FUNCTIONS AS A COMPUTER DESIGNED TO GENERATE BEHAVIOR APPROPRIATE TO YOUR ENVIRONMENTAL CIRCUMSTANCES (2) OUR NEURAL CIRCUITS WERE DESIGNED BY NS TO SOLVE PROBLEMS THAT OUR ANCESTORS FACED DURING HUMAN EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY. EXAMPLE: HUMANS AND DUNG FLIES RESPOND DIFFERENTLY TO FECES. MORAL: ENVIRONMENTS DO NOT SPECIFY APPROPRIATE BEHAVIOR; BRAIN VIA NS DOES. BRAIN IS NATURALLY CONSTRUCTED COMPUTATIONAL SYSTEM WHOSE FUNCTION IS TO SOLVE ADAPTIVE INFORMATION PROCESSING PROBLEMS. ADAPTIVE PROBLEMS ARE (a) RECURRENT IN OUR EVOLUTIONARY PAST; Natural selection can only work on problems that occur repeatedly over very long periods of time. (b) THEIR SOLUTION INCREASED FITNESS IN THE EEA. (3) WE ACCOMPLISH DIFFICULT TASKS EASILY AND UNCONSCIOUSLY. THE CIRCUITRY IS COMPLEX, BUT WE ARE NOT CONSCIOUS OF IT. CONSCIOUSNESS IS LIKE BEING PRESIDENT: YOU ARE AWARE OF HIGH LEVEL CONCLUSIONS PASSED ON BY THOUSANDS OF LOWER LEVEL MECHANISMS. EXAMPLE: VISION: CELLS SPECIALIZED TO DETECT MOTION, VERTICAL SURFACES, HORIZONTAL SURFACES; CIRCUITS SPECIALIZED FOR JUDGING DISTANCE, DIRECTION OF MOTION. (4) DIFFERENT NEURAL CIRCUITS ARE SPECIALIZED FOR SOLVING DIFFERENT ADAPTIVE PROBLEMS. VISION, HEARING, LOVE, MORAL OUTRAGE HAVE SEPARATE CIRCUITS. THE
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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FIVE PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY - FIVE...

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