Functions of General IntelligenceDiscussions of general intelligence emphasize that intelligence is useful in solving novel problems. From an evolutionary perspective, a critical function is the attainment of evolutionary goals in unfamiliar and novel conditions characterized by a minimal amount of prior knowledge. Intelligence is about being able to solve novel problems. The more teachers have to repeat material, the less intelligence is required for understanding it. Research on intelligence has consistently found that more intelligent people are better at attaining goals in unfamiliar and novel conditions characterized by a minimal amount of prior knowledge. As Carl Bereiter notes, intelligence is 'what you use when you don't know what to do' (in Jensen, 1998; p. 111). This highlights the idea that intelligence taps conscious problem solving in novel situations'situations where past recurrences would be unhelpful except perhaps by analogy or induction to the new situation.
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automatic processing, General Intelligence, different mental operations