Unformatted text preview: because no other approach was possible under those circumstances. Thus the artifacts of the procedure were seen as results of the study. An obstacle between the animal and the goal should be such as to allow intelligent, insightful behavior. • Behavior should be regarded not as separate responses to separtate stimili, but as governed by a total organismic field of interacting forces. The self is ortganized into definite but changing patterns. Spoke of the field of direct experience....
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- Fall '09
- Psychology, Kurt Koffka, Carl Stumpf, error learning, PROBLEMS. Used Kohler