PSYCHOPHYSICS AND THE BEGINNING OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY

PSYCHOPHYSICS AND THE BEGINNING OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY...

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Unformatted text preview: PSYCHOPHYSICS AND THE BEGINNING OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. JOHANNES MULLER (1801-1858), born in Koblenz, Germany, the physiologist who established the world's first Institute for Experimental Physiology at the University of Berlin. 1. Held that we are conscious of sensations rather than of physical reality. The nature of the central nervous system determines our sensations. We are not aware of objects in the physical world, but of our own sensory impulses that are a respons to them. Therefore our knowledge of the physical world is limited to the kinds of sense receptors we possess. 2. Kant held that sensory information is transformed by the innate categories of thought before it is experienced consciously. Muller extended this by saying that the nervous system is the intermediary between physical objects and consciouness, 3. Muller was a "vitalist" who maitained that life was "more than" the interactions of 3....
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