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Unformatted text preview: and either a compartment at either end that was labelled + or - or +/-, or ++/--. Neal Miller & John Dollard used Lewin's approach-avoidance conflict as the basis for an experiment in which hungry rat was in a runway with both food and a shock grid at the end. To get the food it had to endure shock. They found that there was a vacillation point--when it was farther away, it tended to move toward the goal box. When it got closer to it, it tended to withdraw back to that vacilation point. The drew two lines on a graph to represent that tendency that they called an "approach gradient" and an "avoidance gradient."...
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- Fall '09