TYPES OF CONFLICTS - and either a compartment at either end...

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TYPES OF CONFLICTS. If you read anything about Lewin in your introductory psychology text, it was probably his typology of conflicts. He identified the conflicts most of us commonly face as: approach-approach. We want two different things that we like both of (that have "positive valences," in Lewin's terms. avoidance-avoidance. We have to pick one or the other alternative, but dislike both. (both have "negative valences." approach-avoidance . We can either have, or subject ourselves to, one thing that has both positive and negative qualities. double approach-avoidance. We must choose between two things that each have both positive and negative qualities. Lewin represented these topologically, drawing a sort of egg with P (for person) in the middle,
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Unformatted text preview: and either a compartment at either end that was labelled + or - or +/-, or ++/--. Neal Miller & John Dollard used Lewin's approach-avoidance conflict as the basis for an experiment in which hungry rat was in a runway with both food and a shock grid at the end. To get the food it had to endure shock. They found that there was a vacillation point--when it was farther away, it tended to move toward the goal box. When it got closer to it, it tended to withdraw back to that vacilation point. The drew two lines on a graph to represent that tendency that they called an "approach gradient" and an "avoidance gradient."...
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