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Unformatted text preview: WILLIAM JAMES (1942-1910) -- A "PRE-FUNCTIONALIST". Defined psychology as "the description and explanation of states of consciousness," at one point, and as "the science of mental life" at another. a. Emphasized the dynamic, streaming quality of consciousness b. Viewed it as a central factor in life and biological survival. c. No one can ever directly know another's mind, and there is great diversity to how people think about a problem even when they arrive at the same solution. d. Wanted to understand consciousness as a whole, on its own terms, rather than splitting it into elements which could be added together. e. PRAGMATISM -- the view that the validity of any idea or knowledge must be tested by its consciousness. f. Wrote the great Principles of Psychology, Pragmatism, and other works. JOHN DEWEY (1859-1952) a. Founder of "Chicago school" of functionalism. Later moved to Columbia. Held that behavior should be treated not as an artificial scientific constant, but in terms of its significance to the...
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course PSY PSY2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '09 term at Broward College.

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