Anthropology 101.3

Anthropology 101.3 - Gregor Mendel - Czech republic -...

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Gregor Mendel - Czech republic - Addressed the question of heredity - Transfer of biological information from parents to offspring - Pea plant experiments - Looked at 7 traits with 2 variants - Followed inheritance for many generations (punnett square) 25%BB, 50%Bb, 25% bb (3:1 B) Medel was lucky because he was working with simple traits that only had two forms, so he was able to follow the transmission of each trait and easily record it Mendelian genetics: major model used to explain the transmission of genetic material from one generation to the next Cell: basic unit of life in a living organism, molecular basis of heredity Organelles: structures within the cell membrane Mitochondria organelle in cytoplasm that converts energy to a usable form. Contains MtDNA MtDNA: mitochondrial dna, inherited only from the mother Nucleus: organelle in eurkaryotic (multicellular organisms)cells, surrounded by the nuclear membrane. Contains chromosomes Chromosomes: packages of dna, contains hundreds or thousands of genes. Strands of dna
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This note was uploaded on 11/17/2011 for the course ANTH 101 taught by Professor Streeter during the Fall '08 term at Boise State.

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Anthropology 101.3 - Gregor Mendel - Czech republic -...

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