Anthropology 103 10:4

Anthropology 103 10:4 - Anthropology 103 10/04 *note- the...

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Anthropology 103 10/04 *note- the next sections in this course are largely focused on methods for excavation, time, and other considerations like geologic and natural processes. • SITE FORMATION • a site forms naturally and through human actions----geologically and culturally • this means that an archaeological context is typically not “in situ” (in place) as with pompeii • the human and natural actions that work together to create an archaeological site • we are sampling what is a dynamic process which has been influenced greatly over time. • GEOARCHAEOLOGY - the field of study that applies the concepts and methods of the geosciences to archaeological research • GEOMORPHOLOGY - The geological study of landforms and landscapes, for example; soils and sediments, rivers, sand dunes, glaciation, erosion. • LAW OF SUPERPOSITION OR SUPERIMPOSITION -older materials should be on the bottom more recent materials on top • REVERSED STRATIGRAPHY -how does this happen? -archaeologists dig up sites, density of materials, floods and mudslides.
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Anthropology 103 10:4 - Anthropology 103 10/04 *note- the...

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