Psychology 101 – Lecture notes on Chapter 6.2

Psychology 101 – Lecture notes on Chapter...

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Psychology 101 – Lecture notes on Chapter 7 Learining o A relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience Not limited to behavior o Significance of animal research o Classical conditioning – Pavlov Neutral stimulus (Pavlov’s bell) Unlearned/reflexive UCS/US – Meat powder UCR/UR – Dog salivates Learned Sound of Pavlov’s bell (CS) Dog salivates (CR) Garcia effect (when food makes one react a certain way) Drinking too much Chemo-typical side effect is vomiting – trying to get bad things out of the system Generalization o CR is to every bell (neutral stimulus generalizes)
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Unformatted text preview: • Discrimination o CR is only that specific bell’s tone • Extinction o CR is weakened by presenting CS by UCS • Spontaneous recovery o CR recurs after a time delay and without additional learning • Phobias o Watson – Little Albert o White rat (N) paired with loud noise (US) • Counterconditioning o Associate CS with new, incompatible CR Pair CS with new UCS Peter and the rabbit • Rabbit paired with food eliminated Peter’s fear • Fearful emotional reactions • Pleasant emotional reactions • Drug habituation • Advertising...
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Psychology 101 – Lecture notes on Chapter...

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