ms 27 paper

ms 27 paper - Airplanes The airplane has changed...

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Airplanes The airplane has changed drastically from its first manned flight on December 17, 1903. The accomplishment of the Wright brothers with their invention of the airplane not only changed the way people travel, but it also changed the way soldiers fought in wars. They were not invented for military purposes but began to influence war during World War One. With a new and different setting for battle, airplanes changed the face of warfare by utilizing photography, revolutionizing weaponry, and practicing kamikaze attacks. As time progressed, new strategies and tactics were created in order for the airplanes’ performances to be more efficient during war. The airplane was a crucial part of war as the military depended on them from as early as World War One and continued to be of importance until World War Two. The airplane was an important factor to World War One because if it was not invented, it would have lasted longer, “The probability is that the war would have followed a similar course and would have lasted just as long (Grattan 2009, 179).” In 1918, by the end of the war, the airplane became a more durable and reliable. At the beginning of World War One however, airplanes were fragile and were under construction. Their performance was unpredictable, as the development of airplanes to be used in war was being processed. Airplanes changed the face of war during World War One as it was the first war that included air combat. They wanted to increase the probability of destruction on the targets they aim for. Airplanes were first used as an observational tool in war by flying over enemy territory to see what was happening on the ground. In August 1914, “…French aerial reconnaissance units began reporting that the Germans were moving toward the east of Paris.” Cameras were soon carried by a second man who took pictures while the pilot flew the airplane. Air strategy was developing as pilots had to aim and dodge. Aerial photography was used in aircrafts for spying purposes; to observe the
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enemies to discover their next move, taking aerial photos of future battlegrounds and of enemy trenches. Reconnaissance pilots had proved their usefulness to the military. Marking coordinates and passing on the information was the goal of many pilots and this gave their side an advantage as they could be one step ahead of the enemy. As war escalated, it was a goal for the opposing side to strike the pilots who were taking pictures so that they would not return with the information they gathered. Both sides knew that if they were receiving valuable information from their pilots, the other side must be doing the same. Attacks were made on the observation planes as the pilots began to fly with rifles. The first attempts of firing rifles and revolvers were not as effective.
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This note was uploaded on 11/14/2011 for the course MS 27 taught by Professor Stokes during the Spring '08 term at UCSB.

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ms 27 paper - Airplanes The airplane has changed...

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