int rel final

int rel final - A Real New world order: Slaughter The state...

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A Real New world order: Slaughter The state is not disappearing; it is unbundling into its separate, functionally distinct parts. These courts, regulatory agencies, executives, and legislatures are then networking with their counterparts abroad, creating a new, transgovernmental order. While lacking the drama of high politics, transnational government networks are a reality for the internationalists of the 1990s -- bankers, lawyers, activists, and criminals. And they may hold the answer to many of the most pressing international challenges of the 21st century. increasingly working together through transnational networks to respond to the challenges of interdependence. On issues ranging from organized crime and terrorism to human rights, the environment, finance, and trade, officials are exchanging information, coordinating policies, enforcing laws, and regulating markets through increasingly elaborate informal intergovernmental channels. In the traditional view, global governance results from states pursuing national interests. In Slaughter's view, however, global governance is manifest in the decentralized (and less visible) activity of judges, regulators, and legislators working with foreign counterparts and nongovernmental organizations on specific issues. Much of A New World Order is a mapping of these networks. Particularly revealing is Slaughter's remarkable account of the cooperation between national judicial authorities and international and regional courts, which is serving to globalize jurisprudence. The larger purpose of the book, however, is to suggest how such networks should be strengthened to improve governance. The challenge, as Slaughter sees it, is to make these networks accountable without ceding authority to potentially coercive centralized multinational organizations. She argues that transparency and norms of inclusiveness can help make them responsive to the public will. The paper explains that Slaughter argues that the state, although it represents a national entity, can cooperate through its own institutions in a transnational manner. The paper concludes by considering that a possible solution for the framing of a new world order may be the political and institutional implementation of the theory of transgovernamentalism, a solution that despite its minor issues, may cater for the cooperation needs of the decades to come. The false promise of international institutions Miersheimer John Mearsheimer argues that international institutions are unrelated to political stability, and do not have any major influence on issues of war and peace. he refers to the three theories of institutionalism in order to illustrate his lack of confidence in the effectiveness of international institutions. The first, liberal institutionalism, emphasizes economic and environmental cooperation as a means to avoid war. The second, collective security, deals with preventing war by rejecting the use of force, by the immediate squashing of any threat of war, disallowing states to act out of self interest and by using
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int rel final - A Real New world order: Slaughter The state...

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