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Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - FinalStudyGuide 19:17 Study these...

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Final Study Guide 19:17 Study these topics in your lecture notes and the book. The topics are arranged in the order we covered them during the semester—question 1 is from lecture 1. Be prepared to answer 10 specific questions requiring analysis and/or discussion of these topics in one paragraph. 1. Talcott Parsons’ structures and functions of the family Structural-functional theory (aka Functional theory) Macro level Human behavior is driven by peoples efforts to conform to the moral codes of society and that these moral codes constrain human behavior to promote the common good For society to survive, its subsystems (families and other organizations) must function in a way that promotes the maintenance of society as a whole Two central assumptions in functional theory 1. The main function of families is to procreate and socialize children 2. The family, as a system, needs to maintain its basic structure. Parsons argued Husband’s role was breadwinner Wife’s role is to maintain family relations These were the dominant social values and norms When men and women conform to the norms they raise healthy children Failure to conform throws society into disequilibrium, resulting in dysfunctional outcomes such as divorce and juvenile delinquency. Structural functional theory stopped in the 1960s and 1970s Due to gay marriage, single parent families, and blended families.
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Weakness of structural functionalist theory Did not take “deviant” family variations into consideration Nuclear family is still used as the basis of a “normal” family 2. Symbolic interaction and formation of the self Micro level Individuals develop of self through their interactions with others We develop a sense of self based on the reactions of the people we care about and by our perception of these reactions Looking glass self: the way in which we interpret people’s opinions of us then becomes a dominant aspect of our own identities. Charles H. Cooley Some of our actions and behaviors may be the result of self-fulfilling prophecies. Dad neglects son, son does bad in school as result, dad is disappointed in him which fulfills the kid’s view of his father of him Symbolic interactionism involves three main concepts: Self: the concept of identity that develops through interactions with others Society: the process of socialization in which we interpret meanings of symbols and learn about our roles. Role: the part we are expected to play in society, learned through interactions with others. Contemporary family research from a symbolic interactionist perspective deals with the roles that individuals play within families The roles of husband and wife are defined during stages of family life, and how factors such as gender role conceptions may affect spousal interactions.
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