008_RFW6e_Mechanics_(pages_318-344)

008_RFW6e_Mechanics_(pages_318-344) - Mechanics 40...

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Unformatted text preview: Mechanics 40. Abbreviations 318 41. Numbers 321 42. Italics (underlining) 323 43. Spelling 327 44. The hyphen 336 45. Capital letters 340 40 Abbreviations 318 Mechanics abbr 40 GRAMMAR CHECKERS can flag a few inappropriate abbreviations, such as Xmas and e.g., but do not assume that a program will catch all problems with abbreviations. 40a Use standard abbreviations for titles immediately before and after proper names. TITLES BEFORE TITLES AFTER PROPER NAMES PROPER NAMES Mr. Rafael Zabala William Albert Sr. Ms. Nancy Linehan Thomas Hines Jr. Mrs. Edward Horn Anita Lor, PhD Dr. Margaret Simmons Robert Simkowski, MD the Rev. John Stone Margaret Chin, LLD Prof. James Russo Polly Stein, DDS Do not abbreviate a title if it is not used with a proper name. ^ professor © My history is an expert on race relations in South Africa. Avoid redundant titles such as Dr. Amy Day, MD. Choose one title or the other: Dr. Amy Day or Amy Day, MD. 40b Use abbreviations only when you are sure your readers will understand them. Familiar abbreviations, written without periods, are acceptable. CIA FBI MD NAACP NBA NEA PhD CD-ROM YMCA CBS USA ESL The YMCA has opened a new gym close to my office. NOTE: When using an unfamiliar abbreviation (such as NASW for National Association of Social Workers) throughout a paper, prof. write the full name followed by the abbreviation in parentheses at the first mention of the name. Then use the abbreviation throughout the rest of the paper. 40c Use BC , AD, a.m., p.m., No., and $ only with specific dates, times, numbers, and amounts. The abbreviation BC (“before Christ”) follows a date, and AD ( “anno Domini” ) precedes a date. Acceptable alternatives are BCE (“before the common era”) and CE (“common era”), both of which follow a date. 40 BC (or 40 BCE) 4:00 a.m. (or AM) No. 12 (or no. 12) AD 44 (or 44 CE) 6:00 p.m. (or PM) $150 Avoid using a.m ., p.m ., No ., or $ when not accompanied by a specific figure. ^ morning. © We set off for the lake early in the 40d Be sparing in your use of Latin abbreviations. Latin abbreviations are acceptable in footnotes and bibliogra- phies and in informal writing for comments in parentheses. cf. (Latin confer, “compare”) e.g. (Latin exempli gratia, “for example”) et al. (Latin et alia, “and others”) etc. (Latin et cetera, “and so forth”) i.e. (Latin id est, “that is”) N.B. (Latin nota bene, “note well”) Harold Simms et al., The Race for Space Alfred Hitchcock directed many classic thrillers (e.g., Psycho, Rear Window, and Vertigo ). In formal writing, use the appropriate English phrases. ^ for example, © Many obsolete laws remain on the books, a law in Vermont forbidding an unmarried man and woman to sit closer than six inches apart on a park bench....
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course LEGAL PA101 taught by Professor Pamelabasmajian during the Winter '11 term at Kaplan University.

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008_RFW6e_Mechanics_(pages_318-344) - Mechanics 40...

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