PP3e Appendix E - Z05_GOLD0000_00_SE_APPE.QXD 12/9/09 1:47...

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APPENDIX E Effective Learning How to Study Everyone learns differently. Some people seem to absorb information like a sponge while others must work hard to soak up any information. Although some people truly do have photographic memories, they are few and far between. Most likely, the people who seem to absorb information “like a sponge” have learned how to maximize their learning experiences. Most of us do not take the time to figure out how we learn best and, as a result, probably spend more time than necessary to achieve the same results as more proficient learners. Have you ever wondered how some people who are just average students seem to always get A’s? If you were to ask them, they probably would tell you that they spend more time than most people studying and preparing, or that they have learned how to study more effectively and efficiently in the time they have available. A good starting point is to determine how you learn best and work out methods to maximize the time and effort you have available. LEARNING STYLES A learning style is the way you learn most effectively. Everyone has his or her own learning style, and there are no “better” or “correct” ways to learn. Somewhere in your school career you may have been given tests—such as the Hogan/Champagne Personal Style Indicator or the Kolb Learning Style Inventory—to determine your personal learning styles. These and similar assessments are available through most school advi- sors and guidance counselors. If you want help in determining your learning styles, take the initiative for your own success and make an appointment with someone who can administer an assessment. Learning styles fall into these categories: independent (competitive) versus collaborative structured versus unstructured auditory versus visual spatial versus verbal practical versus creative applied versus conceptual factual versus analytical emotional versus logical This sounds like a lot to consider, but taking a few minutes to determine which learn- ing style best suits you can save you countless hours of frustration—hours that could be better devoted to studying or other activities. 482 Z05_GOLD0000_00_SE_APPE.QXD 12/9/09 1:47 AM Page 482
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APPENDIX E Effective Learning: How to Study 483 Independent Versus Collaborative Do you prefer to work with a group or independently? Some people like to avoid all dis- tractions by working alone. Others prefer to work in a study group and share information. If you prefer to work independently, you may want to obtain additional course information from study guides and computer-assisted instruction. You may prefer lecture-format classes to small discussion courses. If you prefer to work collabora- tively, you may wish to form study groups early in the semester or find a tutor to work with, and you should choose courses that include small discussion groups or group projects. Structured Versus Unstructured
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PP3e Appendix E - Z05_GOLD0000_00_SE_APPE.QXD 12/9/09 1:47...

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