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Unformatted text preview: This glossary includes words commonly confused (such as accept and except ), words commonly misused (such as aggravate ), and words that are nonstandard (such as hisself ). It also lists colloquialisms and jargon. Colloquialisms are expressions that may be appropriate in informal speech but are inappropriate in formal writing. Jargon is needlessly technical or pretentious language that is inappropriate in most con- texts. If an item is not listed here, consult the index. For irregular verbs (such as sing, sang, sung ), see 27a. For idiomatic use of prepositions, see 18d. Glossary of Usage 565 GRAMMAR CHECKERS can point out commonly confused words and suggest that you check your usage. It is up to you, however, to determine the correct word for your intended meaning. ON THE WEB > dianahacker.com/rules Language Debates > Absolute concepts such as unique bad versus badly however at the beginning of a sentence lie versus lay myself that versus which who versus which or that who versus whom you a, an Use an before a vowel sound, a before a consonant sound: an apple, a peach. Problems sometimes arise with words beginning with h or u. If the h is silent, the word begins with a vowel sound, so use an : an hour, an honorable deed. If the h is pronounced, the word begins with a consonant sound, so use a : a hospital, a historian, a hotel. Words such as university and union begin with a consonant sound (a y sound), so use a : a union. Words such as uncle and umbrella begin with a vowel sound, so use an : an underground well. When an abbreviation or an acronym begins with a vowel sound, use an : an EKG, an MRI, an AIDS prevention program. accept, except Accept is a verb meaning “to receive.” Except is usually a preposition meaning “excluding.” I will accept all the packages except that one. Except is also a verb meaning “to exclude.” Please except that item from the list. adapt, adopt Adapt means “to adjust or become accustomed”; it is usually followed by to. Adopt means “to take as one’s own.” Our family adopted a Vietnamese orphan, who quickly adapted to his new life. adverse, averse Adverse means “unfavorable.” Averse means “op- posed” or “reluctant”; it is usually followed by to. I am averse to your proposal because it could have an adverse impact on the economy. advice, advise Advice is a noun, advise a verb. We advise you to fol- low John’s advice. affect, effect Affect is usually a verb meaning “to influence.” Effect is usually a noun meaning “result.” The drug did not affect the disease, and it had adverse side effects. Effect can also be a verb meaning “to bring about.” Only the president can effect such a dramatic change....
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- Winter '11
- Transitive verb, 565-577_63657_Part GLOS.qxd