2011 01 25 Policy Process - Toby Smith

2011 01 25 Policy Process - Toby Smith - NATIONAL SCIENCE...

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NATIONAL SCIENCE POLICY IN THE 21ST CENTURY The Process of Making Science Policy Lecture by Tobin Smith Vice President for Policy Association of American Universities University of Michigan PUBPOL 481/PHYSICS 481 January 25, 2011
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Otto von Bismarck Chancellor of Germany from 1871-1890
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“There are two things you don’t want to see being made— sausage and legislation.” --German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck
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The Science Policymaking Process!
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About AAU Founded in 1900 by 14 U.S. research universities 63 leading public private research universities Membership by invitation only Focus on issues important to research universities Research Funding Science Policy Graduate & Undergraduate Education Receive almost 60 percent of total federal research funding Award over 50 percent of U.S. doctoral degrees
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About Me and My Job Vice President for Policy Research Funding and Science Policy Issues Focus on innovation, competiveness and energy issues Advocacy, lobbying and coalition building Federal regulations and compliance Help to shape government and university policy How I ended up in a science policy career “Cross cultural communications” The business of making the work of scientists and engineers relevant to the “layperson”
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Two Cultures: “I double majored in history and English and then went to Harvard law. How about you?”
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Defining the Cultural Divide Scientists Politicians/Policy makers Numbers Words Objective/Facts Subjective/Public Opinion Hate to make promises Love to make promises Quantitative Qualitative Technical Political Problem seekers Issue seekers Ask why Ask why they should care Money = research Money = getting re-elected Think long term Think short term Publicity avoiders Publicity hounds Science page Front page Specialists Generalists
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What is “Science Policy” Ø “National science policy” refers to the set of federal rules, regulations, methods, practices, and guidelines under which scientific research is conducted. Ø It also refers to the dynamic, complex, and interactive processes and procedures —both inside and outside government—that influence and affect how these rules, regulations, methods, practices, and guidelines are devised and implemented. -- Beyond Sputnik: National Science Policy in the 21st Century Neal, Smith, McCormick, University of Michigan Press (2008)
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“Policy for Science” -- i.e. decision making about how to fund or structure the systematic pursuit of knowledge “Science for Policy” – i.e. the use of knowledge to assist or improve decision making Grey area in between policy for science and science for policy Constant interaction between the two, e.g. Global Climate Change How does politics come into play? What happens when policymakers don’t like what science
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2011 01 25 Policy Process - Toby Smith - NATIONAL SCIENCE...

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