05 Paradigm Shifts - A Brief History of the University of...

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A Brief History of the University of Michigan (and the American Research University)
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Early History The University of Michigan existed first as a l territorial z institution, founded 20 years before the state of Michigan entered the Union. In 1787, Congress passed the Northwest Ordinance to determine how territories in the Ohio River valley would enter the Union as new states. Most important were the provisions of civil rights and liberties, religious freedom, education, and personal freedom ( l there shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory z )
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The Michigan Territory The Michigan Territory was first established in 1805, with a population of 4,000 and a capital town of Detroit, with 700 residents (mostly French families). After the War of 1812, the new territory turned its attention to education, led by Father Gabriel Richard, Reverend John Monteith, and Judge Augustus B. Woodward (a personal friend of Thomas Jefferson and the architect of the city plan of Detroit). They drafted language to charter a university, adopted a model from the imperial University of France founded by Napoleon.
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The Famous Words l Religion, morality, and knowledge being necessary to good government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of education shall forever be encouraged. z
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The Catholepistimead of Michigania 1787 - 1837
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The Catholepistemiad of Michigania Woodward conceived of the university as the capstone of a statewide system of education, which it would manage, including primary and secondary schools, libraries, museums, He drafted an education act for a Territorial Law based on his on classification scheme for knowledge on August 26, 1817, to establish l a catholepistemiad or university of Michigania z . John Montieth was appointed as the first president, with Father Gabriel Richard as vice president. Yet the l university z would consist only of primary and secondary schools for the next three decades…
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The University of Michigan In Ann Arbor 1837
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Statehood In 1837 (after the War of Toledo), Michigan finally entered the Union as the 26th state. Shortly thereafter, John Pierce, superintendent of public instruction, presented a plan for education to the new state legislature which established the University of Michigan as a l state z university on March 18, 1837. His plan was based on the Prussian system, where the university would offer only l higher education z , with three departments: l literature, science, and arts z , medicine, and law. The l catholespistemiad z (and the French system) disappeared.
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Ann Arbor A group of enterprising citizens formed the Ann Arbor Land Company and promptly offered 40 acres (on two sites) in the city of Ann Arbor (then 2,000 citizens) for the university. (Unfortunately, the state chose the wrong site…)
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05 Paradigm Shifts - A Brief History of the University of...

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