03 US Higher Ed - Higher Education in the United States Traditional Roles of the University The Core Educating the Young Seeking Truth and Creating

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Higher Education in the United States
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Traditional Roles of the University: The Core Educating the Young Sustaining Academic Disciplines and Professions Seeking Truth and Creating New Knowledge Serving as a Social Critic Teaching and Scholarship Sustaining and Propagating Culture and Values Critical Thinking Analysis and Problem Solving Moral Reasoning and Judgment
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The Periphery Economic Development (Agriculture, Industry, etc.) Technology Transfer National Defense Health Care Teaching and Scholarship International Development Entertainment (Arts, Sports)
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The Evolution of U.S. Higher Education 1700s-1800s 1860s 1900s 1950s 1960s 2000 and beyond Colonial colleges (elite, private) Land-grant state universities Normal colleges, technical colleges Research universities, community colleges State university systems For-pro±t U, cyber U, global U, …
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U.S. Colleges and Universities Public 4-year institutions 634 Private 4-year institutions 1,546 Public 2-year institutions 1,086 Private 2-year institutions 118 For-proft institutions 852 Total 4,236
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Major research universities 94 Other doctoral universities 184 Regional universities 695 Baccalaureate colleges 730 Community colleges 1,086 Other (religious, specialized, etc.) 1,446
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Enrollments Total enrollments 18 million Percentage of population with some college 53.9% Percentage of population with BA/BS degree 26.6%
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Funding of US Higher Ed l Total: $335 B/y (2.6% of GDP) l Private Support: $190 B/y (55%) l Tuition: $95 B/y l Gifts: $30 B/y l Endowment: Earnings: $35 B/y; Payout: $20 B/y l Auxiliary (clinics, athletics): $30 B/y l State Government: $75 B/y (24%) l Federal Government: $70 B/y (21%) l Student Financial Aid: $40 B/y l Research Grants, Contracts: $30 B/
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Public Funding (more detail) l State Government: $75 B/y (24%) l Public Colleges & Universities: $65 B/y l Student Aid: $10 B/y l Federal Government: $70 B/y (21%) l Student Financial Aid: $40 B/y l Grants: $20 B/y l Loans: $10 B/y l Tax Benefits: $10 B/y l Research Grants, Contracts: $30 B/ l Tax Expenditures (Gifts, Endowment): $30 B/y
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Public Funding (more detail) l State Government: $75 B/y (24%) l Public Colleges & Universities: $65 B/y l Student Aid: $10 B/y l Federal Government: $70 B/y (21%) l Student Financial Aid: $40 B/y l Grants: $20 B/y l Loans: $10 B/y l Tax Benefits: $10 B/y l Research Grants, Contracts: $30 B/ l Tax Expenditures (Gifts, Endowment): $25 B/y
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Public Funding (more detail) l State Government: $75 B/y (24%) l Public Colleges & Universities: $65 B/y l Student Aid: $10 B/y l Federal Government: $70 B/y (21%) l Student Financial Aid: $40 B/y l Grants: $20 B/y l Loans: $10 B/y l Tax Benefits: $10 B/y l Research Grants, Contracts: $30 B/ l Tax Expenditures (Gifts, Endowment): $25 B/y
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Role of Government Federal Government No ministry, no national systems, no controls no policy $60 billion/y of financial aid to students $30 billion/y of research grants to individual faculty NOTE: The federal government provides grants to people
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course PUBPOL 481 taught by Professor Duderstadt during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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03 US Higher Ed - Higher Education in the United States Traditional Roles of the University The Core Educating the Young Seeking Truth and Creating

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