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01 University History - PP 481 A Brief History of the...

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PP 481 A Brief History of the University
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One way to look at it… About 85 institutions in the Western World established by 1520 still exist in recognizable forms, with similar functions and with unbroken histories, including the Catholic Church, the Parliaments of the Isle of Man, of Iceland, and of Great Britain, several Swiss cantons, and 70 universities . Clark Kerr, President, U California
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The Medieval University The medieval university drew Western Europe out of the Dark Ages in the 12th and 13th centuries. Two archetypes: The University of Bologna The University of Paris
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The University of Bologna The foreign students who flocked to Bologna to study law banded together for reasons of protection from the townsfolk. They eventually shaped the university, setting the curriculum, staffing the administration, and shaping the curriculum. Today these traditions continue to shape and distinguish the traditions of universities in northern and southern Europe. In both cases they led to bottom-up governance and decentralization, open access, open information, and free inquiry. They even elected students as rectors and hired the professors!
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The University of Paris The University of Paris started out as an amorphous group of faculty and students around the Cathedral School of Notre Dame. The faculty fought with the pope and the emperor over rights and entitlements. Since it had no campus, the faculty could threaten to leave for another city and take the university with them. They managed to negotiate rights and carve out a safe space for scholarly inquiry (and avoid being burned at the stake for heresy).
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