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Unformatted text preview: From Roman Empire From Roman Empire to Christian Europe
English 2110Sandefur Spread of Christianity
Spread of Christianity Instability of Rome after 180 C.E. (see pp. 883884)
Emperor Constantine declares himself as a Christian in 305.
Christianity established as official religion of the Roman Empire in 391.
Fall of Rome in 410; Christianity survived. Tenets of Christianity
Tenets of Christianity Greek and Roman religion as outward and public; Christianity an inward, spiritual religion
Perception of God expanded to include the quality of mercy.
Jesus (his crucifixion) as symbol of divine mercy (his death for the atonement of man’s sins) The Christian Bible
The Christian Bible Old Testament (Hebrew sacred scriptures)
Adds The Gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, the Epistles, and Revelation. Christianity and Judaism
Christianity and Judaism Life and death of Jesus as fulfillment of prophecy and completion of Jewish history. “In Jewish belief, history was openended, still in process; in contrast the Christian notion of history looked backward and saw earlier events as ordered, and given meaning, by their end point and culmination” (p. 887) Languages in Judea
Languages in Judea Hebrew (language of sacred texts)
Aramaic (“common” Hebrew; spoken by Jesus to followers)
Greek (language of educated classes)
Latin (government) The four Gospels were written in Greek.
p. 887 Readerships
Readerships Matthew Jewish public
Mark Gentile audience
Luke Greek readers p. 888 ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course ENGL 2110 taught by Professor Sadre-orafai during the Fall '08 term at Kennesaw.
- Fall '08