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Unformatted text preview: Scriptural Texts, pt. 2
Scriptural Texts, pt. 2
The BhagavadGita India’s Heroic Age (contextual analysis)
India’s Heroic Age (contextual analysis) Vedas (Hinduism’s primary scripture; four books of hymns)
Ritualistic Upanisads (mystic Upanisads doctrines)—
ritual and more philosophical Two major epics: Ramayana and Mahabharata Hinduismdharma
Hinduism Proper human conduct/social duty
Four “classes” of society:
1. Learned or priestly (brahman) 2. Warrior/administrator
4. Laborer Karma
All deeds (good or bad) have results. Soul is trapped in an endless cycle of birth and death.
Suffering is caused by action/deeds. Buddhism
Brahman—single divine essence
Human soul is manifestation of that essence
Liberation from karma though identifying oneself with the pure self Brahman (718). BhagavadGita
► 1st cent B.C.E ► Poem in 18 chapters
► Part of the Sanskrit epic the Mahabharata.
► Anonymous author
► Compromise between caste social duty and personal spiritual duty (p. 763) Compromise
Hinduism Buddhism Gita Suffering must be endured and one must exhaust karma to achieve moksa It is possible to be liberated from the cycle of karma though identifying oneself with the pure self, Integrates the older Hindu theory of karma with the new Buddhist teaching of salvation Dharma and karma Dharma and karma in Gita? Arjuna worries his dharma (duty as a soldier), which involves taking a human life would entail evil karma. Dharma and karma Dharma and karma in your life? What insight might Bhagavad
Gita provide about how to resolve conflict? Textual analysis
Rhetorical aspects of the poem?
Dialogue (concrete representation of abstract ideas)
How this text connects with forms used in Hindu scripture Thematic analysis
“Be intent on action, not on the fruits of action” (770).
► “Knowledge is obscured by the wise man’s eternal enemy, which takes form as desire” (774) (discipline)
► Thematic Analysis Thematic Analysis ► How does BhagavadGita relate to our themes of peace and justice?
► Influence of Gita (Thoreau and Ghandi)
► Comparisons between Gita and other texts?
► Contemporary relevance of the text? How is peace sought?
How is peace sought? According to the Torah?
According to the Koran?
According to ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course ENGL 2110 taught by Professor Sadre-orafai during the Fall '08 term at Kennesaw.
- Fall '08