Scriptural%20Texts%20pt.2 - Scriptural Texts, pt. 2...

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Unformatted text preview: Scriptural Texts, pt. 2 Scriptural Texts, pt. 2 The Bhagavad­Gita India’s Heroic Age (contextual analysis) India’s Heroic Age (contextual analysis) Vedas (Hinduism’s primary scripture; four books of hymns) Ritualistic Upanisads (mystic Upanisads doctrines)— Rejection of ritual and more philosophical Two major epics: Ramayana and Mahabharata Hinduism­­dharma Hinduism­­ Proper human conduct/social duty Four “classes” of society: 1. Learned or priestly (brahman) 2. Warrior/administrator 3. Merchant/farmer 4. Laborer Karma Karma All deeds (good or bad) have results. Soul is trapped in an endless cycle of birth and death. Suffering is caused by action/deeds. Buddhism Buddhism Brahman—single divine essence Human soul is manifestation of that essence Liberation from karma though identifying oneself with the pure self Brahman (718). Bhagavad­Gita Bhagavad­Gita ► 1st cent B.C.E ► Poem in 18 chapters ► Part of the Sanskrit epic the Mahabharata. ► Anonymous author ► Compromise between caste social duty and personal spiritual duty (p. 763) Compromise Compromise Hinduism Buddhism Gita Suffering must be endured and one must exhaust karma to achieve moksa It is possible to be liberated from the cycle of karma though identifying oneself with the pure self, Integrates the older Hindu theory of karma with the new Buddhist teaching of salvation Dharma and karma Dharma and karma in Gita? Arjuna worries his dharma (duty as a soldier), which involves taking a human life would entail evil karma. Dharma and karma Dharma and karma in your life? What insight might Bhagavad­ Gita provide about how to resolve conflict? Textual analysis Textual analysis Rhetorical aspects of the poem? • Dialogue (concrete representation of abstract ideas) • Repetition • How this text connects with forms used in Hindu scripture Thematic analysis Thematic analysis “Be intent on action, not on the fruits of action” (770). ► “Knowledge is obscured by the wise man’s eternal enemy, which takes form as desire” (774) (discipline) ► Thematic Analysis Thematic Analysis ► How does Bhagavad­Gita relate to our themes of peace and justice? ► Influence of Gita (Thoreau and Ghandi) ► Comparisons between Gita and other texts? ► Contemporary relevance of the text? How is peace sought? How is peace sought? According to the Torah? According to the Koran? According to ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course ENGL 2110 taught by Professor Sadre-orafai during the Fall '08 term at Kennesaw.

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