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Unformatted text preview: Scriptural Texts: pt. 1
Scriptural Texts: pt. 1
The Torah and The Koran Oral Tradition and The Invention of Oral Tradition and The Invention of Writing
Oral (stories and songs) Hieroglyphics Cuneiform Phoenician and Greek alphabets Why study scriptural texts in a Why study scriptural texts in a literature course? Why study scriptural texts in a Why study scriptural texts in a literature course?
► Much of earliest literature was scriptural texts ► Study literary elements
► See examples of the progression from oral to written tradition
► Gain better understanding of history and cultures [insert image representing human [insert image representing human The human condition
condition] Universal struggles; human condition Pentateuch or Torah: Pentateuch or Torah: 1000300 B.C.E. The first five books of the Bible Genesis
Genesis ► The Creation ► The evolution of early human society Humancentered aspects of Humancentered
Genesis? Humancentered aspects of Humancentered
► Centered on stories of the evolution of human society
► “Let us make a human in our image…” and
Man having dominion over animals etc.
► Many examples of human frailty Peace according to The Torah?
Peace according to The Torah? God’s Punishment How does this connect to the theme of peace? God rewards righteousness
God rewards righteousness
► Noah ► Abraham
► Lot ► Joseph God’s covenants
► With Noah (and humanity)—never again destroy the world by flood.
► With Abraham (and Israel)—will bless those who bless you and curse those who damn you.
► With Abraham (and Israel)—circumcision Lineage Lineage Twelve tribes of Israel (descendents Twelve tribes of Israel (descendents of Jacob) The Koran: 610632 A.D.
The Koran: 610632 A.D. Allah’s revelation to the prophet Muhammad
Literally God’s word and cannot be translated. Peace according to The Koran?
Peace according to The Koran? The Torah and The Koran
The Torah and The Koran Similarities and differences? The Koran and the Torah
The Koran and the Torah
► 610632 A.D.
► Oral tradition (but singular voice of Muhammad)
► Allahcentered (monotheism)
► Lack of narrative thread Torah
► 1000300 B.C.E
► Oral tradition; recorded by priests
► Nationcentered (Israel)
► Humancentered (but still monotheistic)
► Strong narrative thread ...
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This note was uploaded on 11/15/2011 for the course ENGL 2110 taught by Professor Sadre-orafai during the Fall '08 term at Kennesaw.
- Fall '08