Chapter 7: Learning_____ 1.Cultural variations exist in the occurrence and amount of dental fears in children. Page: 253_____ 2.Operant conditioning explains the organism’s response to the environment whereas classical conditioning explains the organism’s activity in the environment. Page: 255_____ 3.Through the process of classical conditioning, service dogs can be trained to do a variety of household tasks, including the laundry. Page: 257_____ 4.The terms, “reward” and “positive reinforcement” always refer to the same process and should have the same outcomes. Page: 258_____ 5.Both negative reinforcers and positive reinforcers have the same impact on behavior. Page: 259_____ 6.Negative punishment and negative reinforcement have the same impact on behavior. Page: 263_____ 7.The link between spanking and child behavioral problems is reduced when parents show strong emotional support of the child. Page: 264_____ 8.The effects of delayed reinforcement differ, depending on the species involved. Page: 265_____ 9.A real-life application of Rescorla’s position that the CS should be a reliable predictor of the UCS
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