Disorders - Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders...

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Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders Psychopathology Problematic patterns of thought, feeling, or behavior that disrupt an individual’s life What “society” find atypical Different across cultures Psychopathology Every culture has a concept of “madness” Changes over time 0. Zhun/twa of Zambia: killing a twin is common practice 1. India: widows often burn themselves on their deceased husband’s funeral pyre Within Cultures: Amish consider someone who races a horse too hard or buys or consumes in excess to have an emotional disorder Cultural Construction? Thomas Szasz proposed mental illness was a myth to make others conform to society’s standards of normality Labeling Theory 2. diagnosis is simply a way of labeling individuals whom society considers deviant Rosenhan (1973) demonstrated that psychiatric illness is in the eye of the beholder. critics argue behavior is only meaningful when it is understood in context Labeling Theory fell from grace when empirical investigations failed to support it Many disorders occur cross-culturally Biological basis for certain mental illness Descriptive Approach to Diagnosis Publication of the American Psychiatric Association that classifies over 230 psychological disorders into 16 categories
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Most widely used classification of psychological disorders Mental disorders classified in terms of clinical syndromes Depressive Syndrome: loss of interest in pleasurable activities, insomnia, loss of appetite, poor concentration,
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Disorders - Chapter 14 Psychological Disorders...

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