Learning - 21. Positive Reinforcement 5. added 22. Negative...

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Chapter 7: Learning Learning 0. Change in behavior through experience 1. Classical Conditioning (Pavlov, 1927) 2. Operant Conditioning (Skinner, 1938; Thorndike, 1898) 3. Social Learning (Bandura, 1965) Classical Conditioning 4. Unconditioned Stimulus (US) 0. automatically causes a response 5. Unconditioned Response (UR) 1. automatic response to a US 6. Conditioned Stimulus (CS) 2. paired with a US 7. Conditioned Response 3. learned response to a CS Important Factors 8. CS must be distinctive 9. Present CS then US (strongest) 10. Time lapse 11. Repeated Pairings 12. Some CS’s and US’s more easily paired than others Extinguishing a Response 13. CS presented alone will extinguish CR 14. Spontaneous Recovery After extinction, presentation of a CS can result in CR Stimulus Generalization 15. Responses generalize to similar CS’s 4. Little Albert Operant Conditioning 17. Thorndike (1898) - “puzzle box” 18. Law of Effect Rewarded behavior is likely to recur 19. Skinner (1938, 1966) - “Skinner box”
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Reinforcement 20. Increases the likelihood of response repetition
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Unformatted text preview: 21. Positive Reinforcement 5. added 22. Negative Reinforcement 6. taken away Reinforcement 23. Primary Reinforcers 24. Secondary Reinforcers Punishment 25. Decreases behavior repetition 26. Problems: Cruel Undesirable side effects Hostility Rules for Using Punishment 27. Prompt and consistent administration 28. Keep it mild 29. Correct response known and available Schedules of Reinforcement 30. Continuous reinforcement 31. Partial reinforcement Schedules of Reinforcement 32. Fixed-Ratio Schedules 7. piecework 33. Variable-Ratio Schedules 8. fishing 34. Fixed-Interval Schedules 9. checking the mail 35. Variable-Interval Schedules 10. calling a busy number Observational Learning 36. Social Learning Theory (Albert Bandura) 37. Learn by observing a model Types of Models 38. Peer Model 11. similar in age and background 39. Mastery Model 12. demonstrates the behavior perfectly 40. Symbolic Model 13. not present--TV, radio, story...
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course PSYCH 2500 taught by Professor Watley during the Fall '08 term at Valdosta State University .

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Learning - 21. Positive Reinforcement 5. added 22. Negative...

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