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Therapy - Chapter 15 Therapy Insight Therapies A variety of...

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Chapter 15: Therapy Insight Therapies A variety of individual psychotherapies designed to give people a better awareness and understanding of their feelings, motivations, and actions in the hope that this will help them adjust. 0. psychoanalysis 1. client-centered therapy 2. gestalt therapy Psychoanalysis 3. Based on the belief that anxiety and other problems are symptoms of inner conflicts stemming from childhood 4. free association: A technique that encourages the patient to talk without inhibition about whatever thoughts or fantasies come to mind 5. transference: The patient’s carrying over to the analyst feelings held toward childhood authority figures 6. insight: Awareness of previously unconscious feelings and memories and how they influence present feelings and behavior Client-Centered Therapy 7. Nondirectional form of therapy developed by Carl Rogers that calls for unconditional positive regard of the client by the therapist with the goal of helping the client become fully functioning “Client” vs. “Patient” 8. Rogers used the term client rather than patient to highlight the more active and equal role he assigned to the person seeking therapy Role of the Therapist 9. Rogers emphasized understanding life from the client’s point of view 10. A therapist must be nondirective and reflect back to the client what he/she has said Gestalt Therapy 11. A therapy that emphasizes the wholeness of the personality and attempts to reawaken people to their emotions and sensations in the here-and-now 12. Fritz Perls encouraged face-to-face confrontations to help people become more genuine or “real” in their day-to-day interactions 13. The therapist is active and directive
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Behavior Therapies 14. Therapeutic approaches that are based on the belief that all behavior is learned, and that the objective of therapy is to teach people new, more satisfying ways of behaving 15. classical conditioning 16. operant conditioning
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