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Relationships - Interpersonal Attraction and Close...

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Unformatted text preview: Interpersonal Attraction and Close Relationships • Situational Factors & Liking 1. Proximity • Festinger, Schachter, & Back (1950) – Massachusetts Institute of Technology Study – Physical proximity was the most important determinant of friendship • Other Areas 2. Familiarity • We like stimuli we have had more exposure – Occurs in the absence of information about the person or object • Saegert, Swapp, & Zajonc (1973) • Other Areas 3. Anxiety:Does Misery Love Company? • Schachter (1959) – Dr. Gregor Zilstein study • Motivating Factor • Social Comparison Process • Kulik & Mahler (1989) “Heart Surgery Study” – Social comparison fueled by desire to affiliate with similar others AND a need to appraise the situation itself • Characteristics of Others • Physical Attractiveness • Feingold (1992) Sociable Less Modest Dominant Mentally Healthy Intelligent Socially Skilled • Are Attractive People Better? • Feingold (1992) analyzed 90 studies • Found no differences • Attractive people: Not More Not Perceived to Be Intelligent Trustworthy Dominant Honest Self-Esteem Sensitive • Judgments of Attractiveness • Value Transfer or “rub off” effect – viewed simultaneously • Contrast Effect • Evaluations of our own appearance • Brown, Novick, Lord, & Richards (1992) •...
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