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4500Sex7 - Chapter 7 Partner Communication and Sexuality...

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Chapter 7: Partner Communication and Sexuality Intimacy, Relationship, and Sexual Satisfaction Intimacy The emotional closeness and bond between two individuals Intimacy develops over time as couples disclose their views, values, histories, goals, fears, dislikes, and preferences to each other Communication Theory Identity Formation Theory Looking Glass Self: The idea that the image people have of themselves is a reflection of what other people tell them about themselves Social Learning Theory Verbal behavior is influenced by its consequences; stimuli following verbal behavior can increase or decrease the future rate of response, depending on whether the behavior is reinforced or punished Social Exchange Theory Social exchange theorists combine behavioral psychology and economic theory. Exchange theorists suggest that the interaction between partners can be described as a ratio of rewards to costs Principles of Effective Communication in Intimate Relationships Initiate Discussion of Important Issues Failure to bring up a nagging recurring relationship issue may translate into the issue never being addressed Choose Good Timing It is best to discuss important issues when partners are alone together, with no distractions, both partners have ample time to talk, and both partners are rested and sober Give Congruent Messages Verbal messages: Words individuals say to each other
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Nonverbal messages: Type of communication in which facial expressions, gestures, bodily contact, and tone of voice predominate Minimize Criticism; Maximize Compliments
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