RealWorldCh01-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 1 Sociology and the Real World
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What is Sociology? Sociology is one of the social sciences disciplines that examine the human or social world.
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Sociology and the Social Sciences (Figure 1.1) The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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What is Sociology? • Sociology—the study of society • According to Howard Becker, sociology is the study of people “doing things together” because neither the individual or society exist independently of one another.
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What is Sociology? • Sociology looks at a broad range of institutions (structures in our society, like education, economics, politics) to better understand social relationships.
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Levels of Analysis • Sociologists can use different levels of analysis to explore social relationships: • Microsociology: examines small group interactions to see how they impact larger institutions in society • Macrosociology: examines large scale social structures to determine how they impact groups and individuals
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Microsociology and Macrosociology The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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The Macro-Micro Continuum (Figure 1.3) The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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Methodological Approaches • Quantitative Research: translates the social world into numbers which can be studied mathematically • Qualitative Research: Uses non-numerical data like texts, interviews, photos, and recordings to help understand social life
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Sociological Imagination • The Sociological Imagination is a term coined by C. Wright Mills • Mills says, “To understand social life, we must understand the intersection between biography and history.”
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RealWorldCh01-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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