RealWorldCh02-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 2 Sociology’s Family Tree: Theories and Theorists
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2 Sociological Theories • Theories in sociology are propositions that explain the social world and help to make predictions about future events. • Theories are also sometimes referred to as approaches , schools of thought , paradigms , or perspectives .
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Figure 2.1 Sociology’s Family Tree The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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4 Founders of Sociology • Auguste Comte: • Stated that sociology needed to be treated like any other scientific discipline. • Laid the groundwork for future sociologists and helped build the discipline.
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Auguste Comte The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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6 Founders of Sociology , continued • Harriet Martineau: • A social activist who traveled the United States and wrote about social changes which were radical for this time period. • Martineau translated Comte’s work into English, making his ideas accessible to England and America.
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Harriet Martineau The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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8 Founders of Sociology , continued • Herbert Spencer was the first great English-speaking sociologist. • Spencer believed in evolution and coined the phrase survival of the fittest. • He believed that societies evolve through time by adapting to their changing environment. His philosophy is often referred to as social Darwinism.
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Herbert Spencer The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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10 Founders of Sociology , continued • Emile Durkheim worked to establish sociology as an important academic discipline. • Interested in the social factors that bond and hold people together • Studied the correlation between social isolation and suicide
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Emile Durkheim The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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Founders of Sociology , continued • Karl Marx was a German philosopher and political activist. • Marx contributed significantly to sociology
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course SOCIO 1101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Valdosta State University .

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RealWorldCh02-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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