RealWorldCh03-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 3 Studying Social Life: Sociological Research Methods
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Overview of Research Methods • Quantitative Research: translates the social world into numbers which can be studied mathematically • Qualitative Research: Uses non-numerical data like texts, interviews, photos and recordings to help understand social life
Background image of page 2
The Scientific Approach • The Scientific Method—a procedure for acquiring knowledge that emphasizes collecting data through observation and experiment.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
The Scientific Approach • Most sociologists believe that they should not allow their personal beliefs to influence their research. Max Weber coined the phrase value - free sociology , stating that researchers should identify facts without allowing their own personal beliefs or biases to interfere.
Background image of page 4
The Scientific Method • Literature Review • Hypothesis • Variables • Operational Definitions • Helps determine:
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Steps of the Scientif ic Method (Figure 3.1) The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
Background image of page 6
The Scientific Method • Correlations: a relationship between two variables • Causations: a relationship where one variable causes another variable to change • Spurious Correlations: a relationship that seems to appear between two variables, but is actually caused by something that external, or intervening variable.
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Paradigm Shifts • Research can lead to what Thomas Kuhn called “a paradigm shift,” or a change in the way we think about some aspect of life.
Background image of page 8
• There are different ways to collect information about a topic, but each method has benefits and limitations. • When beginning a research project, it is
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course SOCIO 1101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Valdosta State University .

Page1 / 40

RealWorldCh03-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online