RealWorldCh04-lecture

RealWorldCh04-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 4 Cultural Crossroads
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What is Culture? Culture is the entire way of life for a group of people. • It is hard for us to see our own culture, so we may not recognize the extent to which it shapes and defines who we are.
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What is Culture? • It includes things such as language, standards of beauty, hand gestures, styles of dress, food, and music. • Culture is learned. It is passed from one generation to the next through communication not genetics.
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Ethnocentrism Ethnocentrism is when a person uses their own culture as a standard to evaluate another group or individual, leading to the view that cultures other than one s own are abnormal.
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“Body Ritual Among the Nacirema” The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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Comparing Religious Cultures The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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Comparing Religious Cultures The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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Comparing Religious Cultures The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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Cultural Relativism Cultural relativism is the process of understanding other cultures on their own terms, rather than judging according to one s own culture. • When studying any group, it is important to try to employ cultural relativism because it helps sociologists see others more objectively.
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Components of Culture • Culture consists of two different categories: material culture and symbolic culture.
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Material Culture • Material culture includes the objects associated with a cultural group, such as tools, machines, utensils, buildings, and artwork.
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Symbolic Culture • Symbolic culture includes ways of thinking (beliefs, values, and assumptions) and ways of behaving (norms, interactions, and communication). • One of the most important functions of symbolic culture is it allows us to communicate through signs, gestures, and language.
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Signs (or symbols), such as a traffic signal or product logo, are used to meaningfully represent something else. Gestures
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RealWorldCh04-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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