RealWorldCh06-lecture

RealWorldCh06-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 6 Separate and Together: Life in Groups
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What is a Group? • A group is a collection of people who share some attribute, identify with one another, and interact with each other. • Social groups provide the values, norms, and rules that guide people s lives.
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What is a Group? (cont d) • A crowd is different because it is simply a temporary gathering of people in a public place where members may interact but do not identify with each other and will not remain in contact.
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What is a Group? (cont d) • A crowd is one example of an aggregate , a collection of people who share a physical location but do not have lasting social relations.
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What is a Group? (cont d) • Primary groups usually involve more face-to- face interaction, greater cooperation, and deeper feelings of belonging. • In these groups, we are closely associated with the other members, such as family and friends.
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Social Networks The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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What is a Group? (cont d) • Larger, less personal groups are known as secondary groups . Secondary groups are usually organized around a specific activity or the accomplishment of a task.
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Social Networks • A social network is the web of direct and indirect ties connecting an individual to other people. • You and your family, your friends, peers, colleagues, teachers, and co-workers constitute your social network.
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Separate from Groups: Anomie • Since groups provide values, norms, and rules that guide people s lives, is it possible that the modern world makes people disconnected from their groups and creates feelings of anomie , or normlessness?
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The Good Old Days? The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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Group Dynamics Group dynamics are the patterns of interaction between groups and individuals. • Includes the ways groups: • Form and fall apart • Influence members
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Group Dynamics (cont d) • A dyad is the smallest possible social group (2 members). It is unstable because of the small size if one person leaves the group the group no longer exists.
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Group Dynamics (cont d) • A triad (a 3-person group) is more stable than a dyad. Conflicts between two members can be mediated by the third.
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The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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RealWorldCh06-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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