RealWorldCh07-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 7 Deviance
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Deviance | What is it? A behavior, trait, or belief that departs from a norm and generates a negative reaction in a particular group. Defining something as deviant requires us to examine the group norms, and how the group reacts to the behavior.
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Deviance | What is it? What is deviant in one culture may not be deviant in another culture!
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Theories of deviance Functionalism : Deviance serves a function in our society. According to Emile Durkheim, deviance serves a positive social function by clarifying moral boundaries and promoting social cohesion.
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Theories of deviance Conflict Theory: Deviance is a result of social conflict . In order for the powerful to maintain their power, they marginalize and criminalize the people who threaten their power. Inequality is reproduced in the way deviance is defined.
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Theories of deviance Structural Strain Theory: Developed by Robert Merton States that there are goals in our society that people want to achieve, but they cannot always reach these goals. This creates stress (or strain) because people realize the goals, but do not have the means to achieve these goals.
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Theories of deviance Structural Strain Theory Table:
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Theories of deviance Structural Strain Theory: Conformists accept the goals of the society and the means of achieving those goals
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Theories of deviance Innovators accept the goals of the society, but they look for new, or innovative ways of achieving those goals Structural Strain Theory:
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Theories of deviance Ritualists aren t interested in the goals of the society but they do accept the means of achieving those goals Structural Strain Theory:
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Theories of deviance Retreatists don t accept the goals of the society or the means of achieving those goals Structural Strain Theory:
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Theories of deviance Rebels don t accept the goals of the society or the means of achieving those goals, so they create their own goals using new means Structural Strain Theory:
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RealWorldCh07-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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