RealWorldCh09-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 9 Race and Ethnicity as Lived Experience
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2 What is Race? Race is a socially defined category, based on real or perceived biological differences between groups of people.
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3 What is Ethnicity? Ethnicity is a socially defined category based on common language, religion, nationality, history, or another cultural factor.
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4 Defining Race and Ethnicity • Sociologists see race and ethnicity as social constructions because: – Race isn’t based on biology (for instance, we don’t test DNA to determine race) – Racial categories change over time – Racial categories never have firm boundaries
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Mulberry Street at the Turn of the Century The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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6 Race and Ethnicity • The distinction between race and ethnicity is important because ethnicity can be displayed or hidden, depending on individual preferences, while racial identities are always on display.
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7 Ethnicity Symbolic ethnicity is an ethnic identity that is only relevant on specific occasions and does not significantly impact everyday life. Situational ethnicity is an ethnic identity that can be either displayed or concealed depending on its usefulness in a given situation.
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8 What Is a Minority? • A minority group is a social group that is systematically denied access to power and resources available to the dominant groups of a society • NOT necessarily fewer in number than the dominant group
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9 Racism Racism : a set of beliefs about the superiority of one racial or ethnic group. –Used to justify inequality –Often rooted in the assumption that differences between groups are genetic.
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Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice : (a thought process) – an idea about the characteristics of a group – applied to all members of that group – unlikely to change regardless of the evidence against it. Discrimination
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RealWorldCh09-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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