RealWorldCh10-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 10 Constructing Gender and Sexuality
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2 What is Sex? What is Gender? • Although the terms sex and gender are often used interchangeably, sociologists differentiate between the two.
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3 What is Sex? What is Gender? (cont d) Sex refers to an individual s membership in one of two biologically distinct categories male or female. Gender refers to the physical, behavioral, and personality traits that a group considers normal for its male and female members.
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Human Sex Characteristics The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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5 Constructionist Approach to Gender Identity • Most sociologists use a constructionist approach and see gender as a social construction and acknowledge the possibility that the male female categories are not the only way of classifying individuals.
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6 Gender Inequality Gender inequality can be found in all past and present societies. • There are several sociological theories that attempt to explain why this inequality has persisted in contemporary societies.
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7 Theories on Gender Inequality Functionalists: • Believe that there are social roles better suited to one gender than the other, and that societies are more stable when certain tasks are fulfilled by the appropriate sex.
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8 Theories on Gender Inequality (cont d) • According to Talcott Parsons: • Men were more suited for an instrumental role (the person who provides the family s material support and is often an authority figure). • Women were more suited for an expressive role (the person who provides the family’s emotional support and nurturing).
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9 Theories on Gender Inequality (cont d) Conflict theorists : • Believe men have historically had access to most of society s material resources and privileges. Therefore, it is in their interest to try to maintain their dominant position.
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10 Theories on Gender Inequality (cont d) Interactionists emphasize how the concept of gender is socially constructed, maintained, and reproduced in our everyday lives.
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Theory in Everyday Life The Real World: An Introduction to Sociology, 2nd Edition Copyright © 2010 W.W. Norton & Company
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12 Gender Role Socialization Gender role socialization is the lifelong process of learning to be masculine or feminine, primarily through four main agents of socialization: families, schools, peers, and the media.
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13 Gender Role Socialization (cont’d) Families are usually the primary source of
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course SOCIO 1101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Valdosta State University .

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RealWorldCh10-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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