RealWorldCh11-lecture

RealWorldCh11-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 11 The Macro-Micro Link in Social Institutions: Politics, Education, and Religion
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What is Politics? Politics : the methods and tactics of managing a nation or state, as well as administering and controlling its internal and external affairs.
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What is Politics? (Cont d) Government: the formal, organized agency that exercises power and control in modern society, especially through the creation and enforcement of laws.
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What is Politics? (Cont d) Power is the ability to impose one s will on others. Authority is the legitimate, non-coercive exercise of power.
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Types of Political Systems Authoritarianism is a system of government by and for a small number of elites that does not include representation of ordinary citizens.
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Types of Political Systems (Cont d) • A dictatorship is one form of an authoritarianism system; usually a dictator does not gain power by being elected or through succession but seizes power and becomes an absolutist ruler.
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Types of Political Systems (Cont d) Totalitarianism is the most extreme and modern form of authoritarianism in which the government seeks to control every aspect of citizens lives.
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Types of Political Systems (Cont d) • A monarchy is government by a king or queen, with succession of rulers kept within the family. Absolute monarchies typically have complete authority over their subjects Constitutional monarchs are royal figures whose powers are defined by a political charter and limited by a parliament or other governing body.
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Types of Political Systems (Cont d) • A democracy is a political system in which all citizens have the right to participate.
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Pluralist Theory vs. Power Elite Pluralism : a system of political power where a wide variety of individuals and groups have equal access to resources and power.
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Pluralist Theory vs. Power Elite • C. Wright Mills coined the term power elite - a relatively small number of people who control the economic, political, and military institutions of a society.
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What is Politics? (Cont d) • Many people worry about the influence of money in politics. Special interest groups are organizations that raise and spend money to influence elected officials and/or public opinion.
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What is Education? Education is the process by which a society transmits knowledge, values, and expectations to its members so they can function in society.
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What is Education? (Cont d) • Schooling serves a number of important functions for society: • The transmission of knowledge • Learning to follow society s rules and to respect authority • Being socialized to develop other qualities that will eventually make us efficient and obedient workers.
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What is Education? (Cont d) • Educational institutions also help to reproduce the inequality seen in society. • The
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RealWorldCh11-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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