RealWorldCh16-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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The Real World 2 nd Edition AN INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY Kerry Ferris and Jill Stein Chapter 16 Social Change: Looking Toward Tomorrow
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2 What is Social Change? • Sociologists define social change as the transformation of a culture over time. • Can be: • Deliberate, intended • Unplanned, unintentional • Some changes are more controversial than others.
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3 What is Social Change? (cont d) • There are several ways that social change can occur: • Major physical event (hurricanes, earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions) • Demographic factors (for example, the aging of baby boomers) • Discoveries and innovations (fire or the wheel)
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4 What is Social Change? (cont d) • The most important contributions to social change have been made through collective action (like the Civil Rights Movement).
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5 Collective Behavior Collective behavior: a group or crowd of people who form together to take action toward a shared goal.
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6 Theories of Collective Behavior Contagion theory: individuals who join a crowd or mob become infected by a mob mentality and lose the ability to reason.
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7 Theories of Collective Behavior (cont d) Emergent norm theory states that: • Individual members of a crowd make their own decisions about behavior • Norms are created through others acceptance or rejection of these behaviors.
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8 Types of Collective Behavior Collective behavior can take three different forms: Crowd- temporary gathering of individuals (spontaneous or planned), with a common focus. Riot- continuous disorderly behavior by a group of people that disturbs the peace and is directed toward other people and/or property. Mass behavior- large groups of people engage in similar behaviors without necessarily being in the same place.
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Examples of Mass Behavior Fads - interests or practices followed enthusiastically for a relatively short period of time. Fashion
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This note was uploaded on 11/16/2011 for the course SOCIO 1101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '09 term at Valdosta State University .

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RealWorldCh16-lecture - The Real World AN INTRODUCTION TO...

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